Diagrams of Forces

Diagram of Forces
surface research, materials and processes


The form of an object is a “diagram of forces,” in this sense, at least, that from it we can judge of or deduce the forces that are acting or have acted upon it… In the organism, great or small, it is not merely the nature of the motions of the living substance that we must interpret in terms of forces (according to kinetics), but also the conformation of the organism itself, whose permanence or equilibrium is explained by the interaction or balance of forces, as described in statics.” Thompson


Diagram of Forces
brush, metal, wood, and paint on glass
Digital video, moving-Image / Sound
48 seconds (loop)


“…When systems have quite different underlying physical, biological or other components their over all patterns of behavior can often seem remarkably similar… this suggests that a kind of universality exists in the types of behavior that can occur, independent of the details of underlying rules… this universality extends not only across simple programs, but also to systems in nature. So this means that is should not matter much whether the components of a system are real molecules or idealized black and white cells; the overall behavior produced should show the same universal features.” Stephen Wolfram, A New Kind of Science




Diagram of Forces — Brush
brush and paint on glass
Digital video, moving-Image / Sound
2 minutes and 15 seconds

(external speaker or headphones recommended)


digital stills: acrylic paint on glass, wood, aluminum, steel, canvas, plastic, & glass on glass


“It seems so easy for nature to produce forms of great beauty…But now, with the discovery that simple programs can capture the essential mechanisms for all sorts of complex behavior in nature, one can imagine just sampling such programs to explore generalizations of the forms we see in nature… even a program that may have extremely simple rules will often be able to generate pictures that have striking aesthetic qualities-sometime reminiscent of nature, but often unlike anything ever seen before” Stephen Wolfram, A New Kind of Science